NASA astronauts Stephen Bowen and Warren “Woody” Hoburg by the crew entry arm on the fastened service construction of Launch Advanced 39A as fellow crewmates Roscosmos cosmonaut Andrey Fedyaev and UAE (United Arab Emirates) astronaut Sultan Alneyadi exit the elevator the ground beneath earlier than boarding SpaceX’s Dragon spacecraft atop the corporate’s Falcon 9 rocket earlier than the launch of NASA’s SpaceX Crew-6 mission to the Worldwide House Station, Wednesday, March 1, 2023, at NASA’s Kennedy House Middle in Florida. NASA’s SpaceX Crew-6 mission is the sixth crew rotation mission of the SpaceX Dragon spacecraft and Falcon 9 rocket to the Worldwide House Station as a part of the company’s Industrial Crew Program. Bowen, Hoburg, Roscosmos cosmonaut Andrey Fedyaev, and UAE (United Arab Emirates) astronaut Sultan Alneyadi launched at 12:34 a.m. EST from Launch Advanced 39A on the Kennedy House Middle to start a six month mission aboard the orbital outpost. Photograph Credit score: (NASA/Joel Kowsky)

(Credit score: NASA)Howdy, readers, and welcome again. There’s a lot ado concerning the moon this week and a ton of launches scheduled for March. The James Webb area telescope is seeing triple — and that’s a very good factor. In the meantime, Hubble has been simply as laborious at work. Sadly, two NASA satellites are on the fritz. However we’ll begin as we speak with information from Washington State of a really cool new strategy to handle area mud.Frosty New Cleansing Spray May Rid House Fits of Moondust

In the latest version of Acta Astronautica, researchers from Washington State College report {that a} liquid nitrogen spray can rid area fits of moondust. Moondust is rather like Mars mud: viciously sharp little shards of regolith that discover their method inside all the things. They’re like packing peanuts or cursed area glitter. Worse than packing peanuts, moon mud is fabricated from ultra-fine particles with the consistency of ground fiberglass.

“Moondust is electrostatically charged, abrasive and will get in every single place, making it a really tough substance to take care of,” stated Ian Wells, first creator of the report. “You find yourself with a wonderful layer of mud at the least simply overlaying all the things.”

However the mud doesn’t simply cowl all the things. It does a terrific job wrecking all the things it touches. Apollo astronauts tried to make use of brushes to clear their fits of the mud, but it surely was worse than nothing, clearing subsequent to no mud and damaging the fits within the course of. The grit destroyed seals of their area fits and prompted the astronauts themselves to endure from ‘lunar hay fever.’ Worse but, specialists consider longer publicity to moondust might trigger a lunar ‘black lung’ syndrome. Since NASA is actively working to ascertain a long-term human presence on the moon, it’s essential to mitigate this risk. And that’s the place the liquid nitrogen is available in.

Astronaut Barbie will get actually actual. Not less than these plastic earrings are non-conductive. (Credit score: WSU)

WSU researchers made one-sixth scale fashions of area fits, utilizing Barbies to mannequin them whereas they lined the fits in moondust. The researchers found {that a} spray of liquid nitrogen prompted the moondust to “bead up and float away on the nitrogen vapor.” Poetically, it’s a phenomenon referred to as the Leidenfrost impact. Right here on Earth, you’ll have seen it in the way in which touchless automobile washes are gentler on a car’s end than the sort that makes use of brushes. Within the frigid vacuum on the lunar floor, liquid nitrogen could be one of the best ways to scrub that wretched mud off our next-gen area fits.


‘KaRIn’ Instrument Knocks Out NASA’s SWOT Satellite tv for pc

Launched in December, the sea-gazing SWOT (Floor Water and Ocean Topography) satellite tv for pc is a collaboration between area businesses of America, Canada, the UK, and France. Based on NASA, it would take high-resolution measurements of the peak of water on the planet’s oceans and freshwater our bodies. That’s — if it ever boots up once more.

As soon as in orbit, the spacecraft began commissioning actions: the six-month “checkout interval” earlier than its scientific mission begins. This consists of turning on all of the satellite tv for pc’s science devices, amongst them the principle science instrument, the Ka-band Radar Interferometer (KaRIn). Engineers totally powered on the instrument in mid-January 2023, and all the things regarded nice. The satellite tv for pc despatched again telemetry simply wonderful — for every week. Then, one of many KaRIn instrument’s subsystems shut down with no rationalization. Naturally, it introduced down the whole satellite tv for pc and left the whole system pinwheeling.

In an announcement, NASA officers stated that mission engineers are “working systematically to grasp the scenario and to revive operations, performing diagnostics and dealing with a check mattress that simulates the KaRIn instrument on Earth.” The company expects the satellite tv for pc to complete its commissioning interval in June, as initially scheduled, for the start of science operations in July.

IBEX Spacecraft Lapses Into Paralyzed ‘Contingency Mode’

NASA’s Interstellar Boundary Explorer (IBEX) spacecraft is affected by a deliberate pc reset that went awry. Flight pc resets have occurred earlier than. Nevertheless, NASA officers stated, this time the IBEX staff misplaced the power to command the spacecraft altogether throughout what ought to have been a routine restoration after energy biking the pc.

Artist’s rendering of the IBEX satellite tv for pc. (Credit score: NASA)

The spacecraft’s flight software program nonetheless is operating, and its onboard methods seem like practical. Nevertheless, whereas uplink alerts are reaching IBEX, it’s not processing the instructions it receives. The staff additionally was unsuccessful in regaining management by energy biking and resetting {hardware} and software program methods on the bottom.

Nevertheless, all just isn’t misplaced. Even when NASA mission techs can’t regain management of the pc, IBEX will carry out an autonomous reset and energy cycle on March 4. This affords one other alternative to get the spacecraft again to its main mission: learning the boundary the place our solar’s photo voltaic wind offers strategy to the interstellar medium.

European House Company Strikes to Set up a Lunar Time Zone

With a number of area businesses making an attempt to ascertain a long-term human presence on the moon, it’s essential to have the ability to synchronize our varied clocks. However timekeeping on the Moon is a fiddly factor, not not like Star Trek’s system of ‘stardates,’ which change relying on the place you’re within the galaxy. ExtremeTech’s Adrianna 9 writes, “Clocks on the Moon run sooner than what we think about regular right here on Earth, gaining about 56 microseconds day by day. This itself isn’t constant; how a lot sooner these clocks run is dependent upon their actual place on the Moon, inflicting organizations to wonder if the Moon’s time zone ought to be saved unbiased from Earth.”

(Credit score: Cristóbal Alvarado Minic/Wikimedia Commons)

Undaunted, this week, the European House Company introduced a joint effort to ascertain a timekeeping commonplace for the moon. The frequent framework, LunaNet, will encapsulate “mutually agreed-upon requirements, protocols, and interface necessities permitting future lunar missions to work collectively.”

Archaeologists Discover Gate Room Hidden Chamber Inside Nice Pyramid of Giza

After years of painstaking work, scientists have used muon tomography to substantiate the presence of a beforehand unknown chamber hidden behind the chevron blocks on the north face of the Nice Pyramid of Giza. Because of the distinctive powers of the imaging technique, scientists have now successfully mapped the space, and it seems to finish in an upward-sloping hall. They’ve even taken images of it with an endoscopic imaging instrument. Right here’s what you’d see in the event you peered down the hall:

The scientists write:

Amongst these discoveries, a corridor-shaped construction has been noticed behind the so-called Chevron zone on the North face, with a size of at the very least 5 meters. A devoted research of this construction was thus needed to higher perceive its perform in relation with the enigmatic architectural position of this Chevron.

Muon imaging is right for investigating the Nice Pyramid as a result of it permits scientists to see straight via strong rock. On this method, scientists can detect empty areas that we in any other case wouldn’t have the ability to discover with out dismantling the monument.

The scientists behind the research don’t try to clarify how the void was made or what its function may need been. Nevertheless, followers of sci-fi might have some concepts. To shortly recap, we’ve found a mysterious area behind a chevon-shaped opening deep inside an Egyptian pyramid. There’s an apparent rationalization for this:

Chevron 1 encoded…

Experiences of glowing-eyed “researchers” with imperious attitudes and unusually deep voices couldn’t be confirmed presently.

Launches and Landings

Three rockets might get their first style of vacuum this month, one in all them 3D-printed. ULA goes via last-minute exams earlier than the inaugural flight of its Vulcan Centaur this spring. SpaceX is forging forward with its next-gen Starlink satellites — and the corporate despatched Crew-6 to the Worldwide House Station in a putting midnight launch.

Relativity House Schedules ‘GLHF’ Terran 1 Launch

Proper now, Relativity House’s Terran 1 rocket is scheduled to raise off as early as March 8 (Wednesday) from Cape Canaveral. The methane-fueled rocket is usually 3D-printed. Its mission, referred to as “GLHF” (for “Good Luck, Have Enjoyable”), is a check flight, which suggests it received’t have an official payload — simply sensors.

Relativity is working towards constructing one other totally reusable rocket that may succeed Terran 1. The corporate can also be collaborating with Impulse House, making an attempt to beat Elon Musk’s SpaceX to Mars in their very own miniature ‘area race.’

JAXA Makes a Second Move at H3 Rocket Launch

Japan’s H3 satellite tv for pc launcher might also make its first flight in March. The rocket was scheduled to launch in February, carrying an Earth-imaging satellite tv for pc. Nevertheless, issues went pear-shaped throughout a Feb. 17 launch try when the rocket’s aspect boosters did not ignite. Spokespeople from the Japanese Aerospace Exploration Company (JAXA) say that regardless of the launch failure, the rocket wasn’t broken. The company intends to make one other launch try subsequent Friday (March 10).

SpaceX Starship Rocket May Take Flight Inside Weeks

SpaceX not too long ago held a check hearth of its simply-named Starship. In the course of the check, 31 of its 33 Raptor engines fired, which Elon Musk says is completely throughout the mission’s margin of error. (Later, Musk stated the engines had run at simply half their anticipated thrust.) Nevertheless, the FAA hasn’t but revealed its concurrence with Musk’s opinions. SpaceX nonetheless must get the FAA’s blessing within the type of a launch license earlier than sending Starship to area.

Starship launches might value as little as $2 million, which is 1,000 occasions lower than the SLS. (Credit score: SpaceX)

Gary Henry, senior advisor for nationwide safety area options at SpaceX, spoke to the problem throughout a panel dialogue final week. “We hope to safe that license within the very close to future,” he stated, for a launch try “in all probability within the month of March.”

ULA Publicizes Goal Date for Vulcan Centaur Launch

In a media briefing, ULA Chief Govt Tory Bruno introduced a date for the long-awaited inaugural flight of the corporate’s Vulcan Centaur rocket. Mission groups are operating via a remaining collection of exams of the rocket earlier than its takeoff from Cape Canaveral’s House Launch Advanced 41 ‘no sooner than’ Could 4.

Primarily based on that window, we’re focusing on #VulcanRocket’s first launch in Could. We are going to proceed to work our launch manifest with our prospects to find out upcoming launch dates.

— ULA (@ulalaunch) February 23, 2023

ULA says the date is dependent upon the result of those final exams of the rocket and its foremost engines. Nevertheless, it’s additionally constrained by launch home windows for the rocket’s payloads. Along with Astrobotic’s Peregrine lunar lander, the rocket will deploy a pair of prototype satellites for Amazon’s upcoming Undertaking Kuiper broadband constellation. It would additionally carry to orbit the stays of 4 U.S. presidents (Washington, Eisenhower, Kennedy, and Reagan) and different luminaries, together with solid and crew from Star Trek, for area memorial firm Celestis.

Good luck, of us. Could the Fourth be with you.

Alternative Soyuz Docks With Worldwide House Station

Lastly! After weeks of scheduling bedlam, a substitute Soyuz capsule has arrived on the Worldwide House Station.

In September, NASA astronaut Frank Rubio and Roscosmos cosmonauts Sergey Prokopyev and Dmitri Petelin flew to the ISS in a Soyuz capsule, MS-22. Nevertheless, in mid-December, the capsule sustained a direct micrometeoroid strike to its exterior coolant loop. The impression destroyed the coolant system and left the capsule unfit to hold dwelling the folks it had carried to area.

Russia instantly set about launching a substitute Soyuz as quick because it might. However assorted issues, together with a subsequent micrometeoroid impression to a different Russian spacecraft (the Progress-82 cargo freighter docked to a distinct Russian module), ended up delaying that launch till final week.

The brand new capsule, Soyuz MS-23, will change MS-22 because the experience dwelling for Petelin, Prokpyev, and Rubio. Nevertheless, for these watching the dates, the trio will likely be in orbit till this coming September — about double their anticipated keep.

Dazzling Midnight Launch Sends SpaceX Crew 6 to the Worldwide House Station

After launching very early Thursday, the SpaceX Dragon capsule Endeavour docked with the ISS at 1:40 this morning, Japanese time.

Picture: NASA/Joel Kowsky, by way of NASA HQ Flickr

The capsule is carrying the 4 members of SpaceX Crew-6: NASA astronauts Stephen Bowen and Warren Hoburg, together with Emirati Sultan Alneyadi and cosmonaut Andrey Fedyaev.

Liftoff! Dragon takes flight!#Crew6 launched at 12:34am ET (0534 UTC) March 2, lighting up the skies because the crew heads to orbit within the @SpaceX Dragon Endeavour spacecraft.

— NASA (@NASA) March 2, 2023

After Endeavour separated from its Falcon 9 rocket, an elated Hoburg radioed again to Earth: “Simply wish to say, as a rookie flyer, that was one heck of experience. Thanks!”

Hoburg added, “It’s an absolute miracle of engineering, and I simply really feel so fortunate that I get to fly on this wonderful machine.”

In a weblog replace, NASA did an entire roll name of the folks at present aboard the station. The company writes: “Crew-6 joins the Expedition 68 crew of NASA astronauts Frank Rubio, Nicole Mann, and Josh Cassada, in addition to cosmonauts Anna Kikina, Dmitri Petelin, and Sergey Prokopyev, and JAXA astronaut Koichi Wakata.” Till Crew-5 departs, there will likely be eleven folks on the area station.

JWST Sees the Similar Supernova 3 Instances Via the Similar Gravitational Lens

The James Webb area telescope is seeing triple — and that’s a very good factor. Because of gravitational lensing, the telescope has seized a uncommon alternative to see the identical supernova at three completely different occasions in its historical past, all in the identical body.

Gravitational lensing permits astronomers to make the most of how large objects like black holes and neutron stars ‘bend’ gentle by dragging in passing photons. Consequently, completely different photons from the identical occasion can have paths of various lengths. This implies they take completely different quantities of time to get to our telescopes — regardless that they’re all touring on the identical pace. That lets an observer see via the identical window into the lifetime of a celestial object at completely different occasions in its historical past.

Triples is greatest.

This Webb picture includes a particular galaxy that seems 3 occasions. Why? There is a galaxy cluster right here whose mass and gravity are so nice that point and area round it will get warped. This magnifies, multiplies, and distorts galaxies behind it:

— NASA Webb Telescope (@NASAWebb) February 28, 2023

Now, between the telescope and the galaxy — which is River, and which is the Physician?

Hubble Spies Cosmic Collision, ‘Jellyfish Galaxy’

To not be outdone by Webb and its fancy new mirrors, Hubble has been laborious at work certainly. Lately, the telescope spied an epic cosmic collision of three separate..

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